Wood Pallet Types

Although there exists no unified, comprehensive system for the classification of pallets, they may be divided into overlapping types by the basic properties below:p>

  • Degree of standardisation
  • Handling possibilities
  • Frequency of use
  • Load capacity

 

 



Pallet classification by degree of standardisation.

“Standardisation” refers to definition of the pallet structure and manufacturing by standards that are used either locally or in individual industries.

  • Standard pallets, the best known of which are EURO pallets, are also the most frequently used across a wide variety of industries. Other standard, defined pallet types include the CP pallet for the chemical industry, the Dusseldorf pallet, and others.

 

  • Atypical, partially standardised pallets, are typically pallets that have been custom-developed and are used by large groups of companies for their respective packaging systems. The design of these pallets is defined by company regulations and general standards for the materials used.

 

  • Atypical pallets, are designed and manufactured for specific needs and requirements of the customer, i.e. for the transport and storage of specific products. Only basic material standards apply to their design and manufacture.

 


Classification by handling possibilities.

This refers to handling with forklift trucks and pallet jacks. The matching pallet design defines the opportunities for pallet handling during loading into vehicles and subsequently for handling in storage or shelf systems. From this perspective, pallets are classified as follows:

  • Two-way, , i.e. with handling possibilities from two, usually opposite, sides.
  • Four-way, with handling possibilities from all four sides.

 

 

However, it is necessary to know that this classification derives from the structure of the bottom boards. In the case of the EURO pallet, a forklift truck can handle the unit from all four sides and a pallet jack may only operate from two sides.


Classification by frequency of use

Basic classification of pallets by frequency of use is as below:

  • Single-trip (one-way) pallets, which are designed for a single transport cycle. The pallets are disposed of at the end of the cycle. Therefore, their design is economical and only uses the lowest quality material necessary for the purpose.

 

  • Multiple-trip (returnable) pallets, for repeated use until the degree of damage prevents them from being used further. These are usually standardised pallets; their specification usually includes the permitted degree of wear.

 


Classification by load capacity

From this perspective, pallets are usually classified as follows:

  • Lightweight pallets, with a load capacity up to 500 kg
  • Medium-weight pallets, with a load capacity up to 1000 kg
  • Heavy-duty pallets, with a load capacity over 1000 kg

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